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Paula López Barba

Barcelona, 2019

Iaac, Instituto de Arquitectura Avanzada de Cataluña

El Mutualismo describe una interacción ecológica entre dos o más especies en la que todas se benefician.

Mutualism es un proyecto de diseño y fabricación digital desarrollado para una superilla en el barrio de Poble Nou de Barcelona, en Mayo del 2019, como parte del Creative food cycles workshop (IAAC), un proyecto co-fundado con el Creative Europe Programme de la Unión Europea.

Autores: Giovanna Bartoleschi + Evanthia Beristianou + Paula López Barba + Maher Mansour
Iaac, Barcelona, 2019

Iaac, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia

Mutualism describes ecological interaction between two or more species where each species benefits.

Mutualism is a design & fabrication project held in a superilla in Poble Nou neighborhood in Barcelona, in May 2019, as part of the Creative food cycles workshop (IAAC). The project was co-funded by the Creative Europe Programme of European Union.

Authors: Giovanna Bartoleschi + Evanthia Beristianou + Paula López Barba + Maher Mansour

the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a network of fine white filaments (hyphae).

Possible uses
building construction, insulation, art and product design

100% biodegradable, fireproof, nontoxic, partly mold and water resistant. fast, easy, low-cost and energy material production.

Conditions that it needs to grow
humidity + organic substrate + darkness +20-24°C temperature + 3 weeks incubation

We inhabit our contemporary cities mainly as consumers, ignoring the processes of production. For a majority of us, the food cycle involves no more than the market and food consumption. However, in the food cycle, there are other processes such as production, distribution, storage, and recycling of food waste.

Focusing on mushrooms, the project aims to understand the procedure of their growth, as long as their potential to be reused. It appears that mycelium (where mushrooms come from) could be applied both in building construction and in product designing with great advantages including water and fire resistance, zero toxicity, biodegradability and more.

Another important goal was the implementation of the project on an urban environment (in that case Superilla, Poble Nou, Barcelona) where people would be involved in all the phases of the mycelium production cycle.

The proposed pavilion is composed of a repeating wooden panel (module) working differently on its two sides. The exterior part is a planted facade. In the inside part, shade and the stable temperature provided by the plants, permit the growth and harvest of the mushrooms. Moreover, mycelium helps the plants to absorb water and nutrients while it also benefits from their nutrients and provided environmental conditions.